Series II Horizontal RestraintsModule II-4: Cartel Deterrence

This module is presented as a roundtable discussion on the economics of sanctions as a deterrent to cartel behavior. The topics addressed include an introduction to the economics of crime, what types of sanctions should be employed, whether the firm or its agents should be punished, and whether the availability of private damages should be considered.

Year published: 2021


Modules are available in several formats. Interactive format allows for navigation between scenes and contains links to relevant materials. Downloadable format is the same as interactive, but allows the reader to download the module to a local computer, which reduces uploading delays. YouTube format includes the same substantive content as other formats, but also lacks the interactive features. Viewers are encouraged to use the format that works best for them.


As an aid to viewers, especially those whose first language is not English, transcripts are available for those who wish to follow along in written format.


Related ICN Work Product

Module II-2: Introduction to Cartels

Cartel Enforcement Building Blocks Report

2010 Trends and Developments in Cartel Enforcement

Links to Chapters in the ICN Anti-Cartel Enforcement Manual:

  • Drafting and Implementing an Effective Leniency Policy
  • Cartel Case Initiation
  • Investigative Strategy
  • Cartel Awareness, Outreach & Compliance
  • International Cooperation and Information Sharing

For more of the ICN’s anti-cartel enforcement work, see the Cartel Working Group’s homepage.